Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://trends.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/2237-6089-2013-0019
Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Review Article

The broad autism phenotype in parents of individuals with autism: a systematic review of the literature

O fenotipo ampliado do autismo em pais de individuos autistas: uma revisao sistematica da literatura

Lidia Prata Cruz; Walter Camargos-Junior; Fabio Lopes Rocha

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Abstract

The broad autism phenotype (BAP) is a milder manifestation of the defining symptoms of the syndrome in individuals without autism. This study conducted a systematic review of studies about behavioral characteristics of interpersonal relationships, communication and rigidity, as well as about three cognitive models, Theory of Mind, central coherence and executive function, in parents of individuals with autism. The indexed databases were LILACS, IBECS, Web of Science, and MEDLINE, and the studies retrieved were published between 1991 and March 2012. Parents of individuals with autism have more difficulties in interpersonal relationships and in pragmatic language use and have more rigidity traits. The inclusions of the cognitive theories in the group of BAP characteristics were inconclusive.

Keywords

Autism-spectrum disorder, phenotype, endophenotypes, parents

Resumo

O fenótipo ampliado do autismo (FAA) é a manifestação atenuada de características qualitativamente similares às que definem a síndrome, em indivíduos não portadores do transtorno. O objetivo deste artigo é realizar uma revisão sistemática de estudos que abordam as características comportamentais relacionadas a interação social, comunicação e rigidez, além dos modelos cognitivos Teoria da Mente (Theory of Mind, ToM), coerência central e funções executivas, em pais de indivíduos autistas. As bases de dados consultadas foram: LILACS, IBECS, Web of Science e MEDLINE; foram selecionados estudos publicados entre 1991 e março de 2012. Os resultados apontaram que os pais de indivíduos autistas possuem déficits na interação social, na linguagem pragmática e traços de rigidez. A inclusão dos modelos cognitivos do autismo no grupo de características que compõem o FAA permanece inconclusiva.

Palavras-chave

Transtorno autistico, fenotipo, endofenotipos, pais

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