Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://trends.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/2237-6089-2013-0029
Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Original Article

Influence of body posture on the association between postpartum depression and pain

Influência do tipo postural na associação entre depressão pós-parto e dor

Rita di Cássia de Oliveira Angelo; Denila Coelho da Silva; Carla Fonseca Zambaldi; Amaury Cantilino; Everton Botelho Sougey

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between postpartum depression (PPD), intensification of back pain and exacerbation of changes in postural alignment intrinsic to puerperium. METHODS: Eighty women at 2 to 30 weeks postpartum were included in the study according to the following criteria: literate mothers, gestation of 34 to 42 weeks, and healthy live-born infants. All mothers agreed to participate in the study. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Pain was assessed using a visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ), and posture, using real time naturalistic observation. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant association between PPD and pain intensity (p = 0.002). The upper back was the most frequent pain site among depressed women, both before (p = 0.04) and after delivery (p = 0.01). There were no associations between PPD and type of posture (p = 0.328). However, pain intensity was greater among depressed women in the swayback group (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The intensification of puerperal pain is closely associated with PPD. Our results suggest that back pain may be both a risk factor and a comorbidity of PPD among puerperal women and that pain and type of posture are interdependent.

Keywords

Depression, pain, posture, postpartum

Resumo

OBJETIVO: Verificar a associação entre depressão pós-parto (DPP), intensificação do quadro álgico na região posterior do tronco e exacerbação das alterações no alinhamento postural intrínsecas ao puerpério. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionadas 80 mulheres em pós-parto de 2 a 30 semanas, de acordo com os seguintes critérios: mães alfabetizadas; gestação entre 34 e 42 semanas; parição de bebê saudável e vivo. Todas as mães concordaram em participar da pesquisa. Os sintomas depressivos foram rastreados através da Escala de Depressão Pós-natal de Edimburgo (EDPE). A avaliação da dor ocorreu através de uma escala visual analógica (EVA) e do Questionário Nórdico de Sintomas Osteomusculares (QNSO). Para avaliação postural, empregou-se observação naturalística em tempo real. RESULTADOS: Foi verificada associação estatisticamente significativa entre DPP e maior intensidade de dor referida (p = 0,002). A região dorsal foi o sítio doloroso mais apontado pelas puérperas deprimidas, tanto no período pré-puerperal (p = 0,04), quanto no puerpério (p = 0,01). Não houve associação estatística entre DPP e tipo postural (p = 0,328). No entanto, a intensidade da dor foi maior entre as mulheres deprimidas no grupo com postura desleixada (swayback) (p < 0,001). CONCLUSÃO: A intensificação do quadro álgico puerperal associa-se fortemente à DPP. Nas puérperas deste estudo, a dor na região dorsal aparentemente se comportou tanto como um fator de risco quanto como uma comorbidade de DPP. Admite-se que existe uma relação de interdependência entre dor e tipo postural.

Palavras-chave

Depressão, dor, postura, pós-parto

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