Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://trends.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/S2237-60892012000200005
Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Review Article

A supergeneralização da memória autobiográfica nos transtornos depressivos

Overgeneral autobiographical memory in depressive disorders

Tarcísio Gomes Dutra; Laila da Camara Lima Kurtinaitis; Amaury Cantilino; Maria Carolina Souto de Vasconcelos; Izabel Hazin; Everton Botelho Sougey

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Resumo

Este artigo tem como objetivo revisar estudos que possuíram como temática a relação entre o fenômeno da supergeneralização da memória autobiográfica e os transtornos depressivos. Tal característica tem chamado a atenção por sua relação com uma pobre habilidade de resolução de problemas e imaginação do futuro, bem como pela manutenção e pior prognóstico da depressão. Para o acesso das informações, foi realizada uma busca sistematizada nos bancos de dados LILACS, SciELO, MEDLINE, IBECS e nas bases de ciências da saúde do Portal de Periódicos da Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES), com foco em artigos publicados entre 2000 e 2010, usando os seguintes descritores: memória autobiográfica, supergeneralização da memória autobiográfica e memória autobiográfica e depressão, em português; e autobiographical memory, overgeneral autobiographical memory e autobiographical memory and depression em inglês. Após a aplicação dos critérios de exclusão, 27 estudos foram revisados. A supergeneralização tem sido investigada em diversos transtornos depressivos. Entretanto, mais estudos longitudinais são necessários para fundamentar tal característica cognitiva como um aspecto relevante na anamnese e no tratamento de distúrbios do humor.

Palavras-chave

Memória autobiográfica, depressão, cognição

Abstract

This article aims to review studies focusing on the relationship between overgeneral autobiographical memory and depressive disorders. Such characteristic has attracted attention because of its relationship with a poor ability to solve problems and to imagine the future, as well as with the maintenance and a poor prognosis of depression. Data were collected through a systematic search on LILACS, SciELO, MEDLINE, and IBECS databases, and also on the health sciences records of Portal de Periódicos da Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES), a Brazilian journal database, focusing on articles published between 2000 and 2010. The following keywords were used: memória autobiográfica, supergeneralização da memória autobiográfica, and memória autobiográfica e depressão in Portuguese; and autobiographical memory, overgeneral autobiographical memory, and autobiographical memory and depression in English. Following application of exclusion criteria, a total of 27 studies were reviewed. Overgeneral autobiographical memory has been investigated in several depressive disorders. However, further longitudinal studies are required to confirm the relevant role of this cognitive characteristic in anamnesis and in the treatment of mood disorders.

Keywords

Autobiographical memory, depression, cognition

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