Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://trends.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/S2237-60892012000400003
Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Original Article

Translation and adaptation of Theory of Mind tasks into Brazilian portuguese

Tradução e adaptação de tarefas de Teoria da Mente para o português brasileiro

Breno Sanvicente-Vieira; Elisa Brietzke; Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Theory of mind (ToM) is a field of social cognition that deals with the individual’s cognitive ability to interpret or infer the mental states of others based on previous knowledge. Recently, research has shown that this ability is compromised in patients with some psychopathologies, e.g., schizophrenia and autistic disorder. Investigators have also shown that deficits in ToM have impacts on social functioning and, consequently, on quality of life. Even though ToM studies have recently grown in number, some problems still remain (e.g., the difficulty of standardized tools to assess ToM in different languages). OBJECTIVES: To describe the translation and adaptation into Brazilian Portuguese of two of the most important and widely used ToM tasks, namely, the Theory of Mind Stories and the Hinting Task. METHOD: The process included the following steps: 1) translation; 2) production of a single translated version and review by specialists; 3) back-translation into English; 4) review by an English-speaking specialist; 5) adaptation of marked corrections; and 6) pilot application in a group representative of the target population (people with schizophrenia). RESULTS: A final translated version was obtained for each of the tasks. Both instruments were well understood by participants and can now be used in the Brazilian experimental setting. CONCLUSION: The availability of two major ToM tasks in Brazilian Portuguese facilitates the conduction of research on the topic in Brazil. In the future, this could help design clinical interventions aimed at people with social and cognitive difficulties.

Keywords

Theory of mind, schizophrenia, social cognition, instrument, assessment

Resumo

INTRODUÇÃO: A teoria da mente (theory of mind, ToM) é um domínio da cognição social que se refere à habilidade cognitiva de interpretar ou inferir estados mentais de outras pessoas através de conhecimentos prévios. Recentemente, pesquisas têm mostrado que essa capacidade está comprometida em algumas psicopatologias, como esquizofrenia e autismo. Além disso, pesquisadores têm mostrado que déficits na ToM impactam a funcionalidade social e, consequentemente, a qualidade de vida. Apesar do aumento recente de estudos na área, alguns problemas (por exemplo a dificuldade de instrumentos estandardizados para avaliar essa habilidade em diferentes idiomas). OBJETIVOS: Descrever a tradução e a adaptação para o português brasileiro de duas das mais importantes e amplamente utilizadas tarefas de ToM - o Theory of Mind Stories e o Hinting Task. MÉTODO: O processo incluiu as seguintes etapas: 1) tradução; 2) produção de uma versão unificada e avaliada por especialistas; 3) retrotradução para o inglês; 4) revisão da versão em inglês por especialista; 5) adaptação das correções indicadas; e 6) aplicação de estudo piloto em um grupo representativo da população para qual as tarefas foram originalmente desenvolvidas (portadores de esquizofrenia). RESULTADOS: Uma versão final em português foi obtida para cada uma das tarefas. Ambos os instrumentos demonstraram boa compreensão por parte dos participantes e podem agora ser utilizados no contexto experimental brasileiro. CONCLUSÕES: A disponibilização de duas das mais consagradas tarefas de ToM em português brasileiro favorece o desenvolvimento de pesquisas sobre o assunto no Brasil. No futuro, isso pode auxiliar no planejamento de intervenções clínicas direcionadas a indivíduos com dificuldades sociocognitivas.

Palavras-chave

Teoria da mente, esquizofrenia, cognição social, instrumento, avaliação

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