Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://trends.org.br/article/doi/10.47626/2237-6089-2018-0106
Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Original Article

Psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire

Ali Akbar Foroughi, Aliakbar Parvizifard, Kheirollah Sadeghi, Arash Parsa Moghadam

Downloads: 0
Views: 525

Abstract

Introduction: Gross’s Emotion Regulation Questionnaire is one of the most widely-used and valid questionnaires for assessing emotion regulation strategies. The validity and reliability of the Persian version have not been determined and data on its psychometric properties are not available to Iranian mental health researchers. The purpose of this study was to determine the psychometric properties of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire in Iranian students. Methodology: In this cross-sectional study, 348 students (170 males and 178 females) were selected from Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science and Tehran University of Medical Science. The following statistical procedures were conducted: correlation coefficients, factor analysis, Cronbach’s alpha, and independent t tests. Results: The results showed that men use suppression more than women (T = -2.62, p = 0.009). Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were 0.76 for the cognitive reappraisal sub-scale and 0.72 for the suppression sub-scale (excluding question 9). Six questions related to the cognitive reappraisal factor explained 30.97% of emotion regulation variance, and 3 questions related to the suppression factor explained 22.59% of emotion regulation variance. Overall, these factors explained 53.5% of emotion regulation variance. There were significant correlations between suppression and difficulties in emotion regulation, trait anxiety, and affective control. Furthermore, there was a significant correlation between cognitive reappraisal and the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire. Conclusion: The results indicate that the Persian version of the ERQ is a reliable and valid instrument that can be helpful for development of further important studies of emotional regulation.

Keywords

Factor analysis, Gross’s emotion regulation, reliability, validity

References

1. Al-Shawaf L, Conroy-Beam D, Asao K, Buss DM. Human emotions: an evolutionary psychological perspective. Emot Rev. 2016;8:173-86.

2. Sherif M. Social interaction: process and products. Abingdon: Routledge; 2017.

3. George JM, Dane E. Affect, emotion, and decision making. Organ Behav Hum Decis Process. 2016;136:47-55.

4. Lerner JS, Li Y, Valdesolo P, Kassam KS. Emotion and decision making. Ann Rev Psychol. 2015;66:799-823.

5. Gross JJ. Handbook of emotion regulation. New York: Guilford; 2013.

6. Werner K, Gross JJ. Emotion regulation and psychopathology: a conceptual framework. In: Kring AM, Sloan DM, editors. Emotion regulation and psychopathology: a transdiagnostic approach to etiology and treatment. New York: Guilford Press; 2010. p. 13-37.

7. Kring AM, Sloan DM. Emotion regulation and psychopathology: a transdiagnostic approach to etiology and treatment. New York: Guilford; 2009.

8. Ehring T, Tuschen-Caffier B, Schnülle J, Fischer S, Gross JJ. Emotion regulation and vulnerability to depression: spontaneous versus instructed use of emotion suppression and reappraisal. Emotion. 2010;10:563.

9. Cisler JM, Olatunji BO. Emotion regulation and anxiety disorders. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2012;14:182-7.

10. Gratz KL, Roemer L. Multidimensional assessment of emotion regulation and dysregulation: development, factor structure, and initial validation of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale. J Psychopathol Behav Assess. 2004;26:41-54.

11. McMain S, Korman LM, Dimeff L. Dialectical behavior therapy and the treatment of emotion dysregulation. J Clin Psychol. 2001;57:183-96.

12. Davies H, Swan N, Schmidt U, Tchanturia K. An experimental investigation of verbal expression of emotion in anorexia and bulimia nervosa. Eur Eat Disord Rev. 2012;20:476-83.

13. Aldao A, Jazaieri H, Goldin PR, Gross JJ. Adaptive and maladaptive emotion regulation strategies: interactive effects during CBT for social anxiety disorder. J Anxiety Disord. 2014;28:382-9.

14. Garnefski N, Kraaij V. Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire–development of a short 18-item version (CERQ-short). Pers Individ Dif. 2006;41:1045-53.

15. Saxena P, Dubey A, Pandey R. Role of emotion regulation difficulties in predicting mental health and well-being. SIS J Project Psychol Ment Health. 2011;18:147-55.

16. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2013.

17. Gross JJ, John OP. Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2003;85:348.

18. Eldeleklioğlu J, Eroğlu Y. A Turkish adaptation of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire. J Hum Sci. 2015;12:1157-68.

19. Enebrink P, Björnsdotter A, Ghaderi A. The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire: Psychometric properties and norms for Swedish parents of children aged 10-13 years. Eur J Psychol. 2013;9:289-303.

20. Balzarotti S, John OP, Gross JJ. An Italian adaptation of the emotion regulation questionnaire. Eur J Psychol Assess. 2010;26:61-7.

21. Kline R. Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. 3rd ed. New York: Guilford; 2010.

22. Baer RA, Smith GT, Hopkins J, Krietemeyer J, Toney L. Using selfreport assessment methods to explore facets of mindfulness. Assessment. 2006;13:27-45.

23. Heydarinasab L. An investigation of the validity and reliability of psychometric characteristics of five facet mindfulness questionnaire in Iranian non-clinical samples. Int J Behav Sci. 2013;7:229-37.

24. Spielberger CD, Gorsuch RL, Lushene R, Vagg PR, Jacobs GA. Manual for The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists Press; 1983.

25. Gholami Booreng F, Mahram B, Kareshki H. Construction and validation of a scale of research anxiety for students. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2017;23:78-93.

26. Williams KE, Chambless DL, Ahrens A. Are emotions frightening? An extension of the fear of fear construct. Behav Res Ther. 1997;35:239-48.

27. Dahesh Z. Efficacy of combined behavioral and emotion focused consuling in adolescence [dissertation]. Marvdasht: Islamic Azad University; 2009. [Persian].

28. Behrooz M. Standardization of Speilberger Anxiety Test in Mashhad [dissertation]. Tehran: Allameh Tabatabayi University; 1994. [Persian].

29. Williams B, Onsman A, Brown T. Exploratory factor analysis: a five-step guide for novices. Australas J Paramed. 2010;8:1-13.

30. Watkins MW. Exploratory factor analysis: a guide to best practice. J Black Psychol. 2018;44:219-46.

31. Cohen J. Statistical power analysis for the behavioural sciences. Hillsdale: Erlbaum; 1988.

32. Wiltink J, Glaesmer H, Canterino M, Wölfling K, Knebel A, Kessler H, et al. Regulation of emotions in the community: suppression and reappraisal strategies and its psychometric properties. GMS Psycho-Social-Medicine. 2011;8.

33. Merhi R, Kazarian SS. Validation of the Arabic translation of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (ArabicMSPSS) in a Lebanese community sample. Arab J Psychiatr. 2012;23:159-68.

34. Abler B, Kessler H. Emotion Regulation Questionnaire--Eine deutsche Fassung des ERQ von Gross & John [Emotion Regulation Questionnaire--a German version of Gross & John’s ERQ]. Diagnostica. 2009;55:144-152.

35. Ioannidis CA, Siegling A. Criterion and incremental validity of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire. Front Psychol. 2015;6:247.

612d1d48a9539514cd1428d3 trends Articles
Links & Downloads

Trends Psychiatry Psychother

Share this page
Page Sections