Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://trends.org.br/article/doi/10.47626/2237-6089-2022-0524
Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Review Article

Psychological resilience and mood disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Areeba Imran, Suleman Tariq, Flavio Kapczinski, Taiane de Azevedo Cardoso

Downloads: 3
Views: 1813

Abstract

Objective
This systematic review aims to describe the relationship between psychological resilience and mood disorders.

Methods
This is a systematic review and meta-analysis. The following databases were searched on November 6, 2020: PubMed, PsycINFO, and Embase.

Results
Twenty-three articles were included and the majority of the studies included (95.7%) showed that psychological resilience has a positive impact in mood disorders. Our meta-analysis showed that individuals with bipolar disorder presented significantly lower levels of psychological resilience compared to controls (standardized mean difference [SDM]: -0.99 [95% confidence interval {95%CI}: -1.13 to -0.85], p < 0.001). In addition, individuals with depression had significantly lower levels of psychological resilience compared to controls (SDM: -0.71 [95%CI -0.81 to -0.61], p < 0.001).

Conclusion
Our results showed that individuals with mood disorders are less resilient than individuals without mood disorders. Our findings reinforce the importance of investigating interventions that may help to improve psychological resilience considering its positive impact in the context of mood disorders.

Keywords

Mood disorders; psychological resilience; bipolar disorder; depression; systematic review; meta-analysis

Submitted date:
06/30/2022

Accepted date:
09/20/2022

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